中国好文字 Wealth of our nation

在我6岁到16岁期间,我做语文老师的妈妈一直热衷于让她的女儿每天清晨在楼前小院里背诵古典诗词以及古文段落。我曾经对此深恶痛绝,那些绕口的古文不仅难懂,而且难读,今天谁还用这样的语言说话?把它们背下来到底何用?

很多年后,我深深感恩有个懂得中国古汉语之好的妈妈——她让我在小小年纪就将那些典雅的古文印在了心底。

中国文字的悠长韵味,在白话文中已经很难读到。文言文藏着的文字的韵律、节奏之美,只有熟读过、背诵过,才会存于心里,润物细无声地滋养我们的心灵,不经意地在笔头口头流淌出点点滴滴。

那些简约而不简单的古文,蕴含着中国式的人文修养和处世之道,令今人受益无穷。

本期是ELLE第四年做China Issue“中国主题刊”。谨藉此刊,和读者朋友分享几句幼时曾经背过而不懂、如今背不下来却体会颇深的道理。

● 爱人者,人恒爱之;敬人者,人恒敬之。—— 《孟子·离娄下》

先懂得爱别人,才能得到别人更多的爱。你怎么对待别人,别人也会用同样的方式对待你。若想受人敬爱,必须先敬爱他人。

● 锲而舍之,朽木不折;锲而不舍,金石可镂。—— 《荀子·劝学》

雕刻了几下就放弃,哪怕是一块本来就已腐朽的木头也刻不断;如果一直雕刻下去,即使是金石也能雕出你想要的模样。凡事只要坚持,必有一得;浅尝辄止,必定前功尽弃。

● 苟日新,日日新,又日新。—— 《礼记·大学》

这是商朝开国明君成汤刻在自己澡盆上的铭文,叫《汤盘铭》。商汤王借此提醒自己和国民要日日清洗让面容光洁如新,精神上更要弃旧图新。所谓不破不立,要有每天更新自己的勇气。

● 临渊羡鱼,不如退而结网。—— 《史记·汉书》

站在池塘边,想象着池中鱼已被捕到自己网中,还不如赶紧回去,下功夫结出一张渔网来捕鱼。所有的愿望都是美好的,但是如果没有付诸实现的勇气,一切都是枉然。

● 操千曲而后晓声,观千剑而后识器。—— 刘勰《文心雕龙·知音》

练习很多支乐曲后才能懂得音乐,看了上千柄剑才知道如何识别剑器。做事要有诚心、决心和耐心,唯有量的积累,才能达到质的突破,成功没有捷径。

或许,你也仍记得很多我们年少时学过、背过,当时觉得晦涩难懂的古文,今天不妨再拿出来翻一翻。它们是祖先留给子孙后代最重要的一笔精神财富。好文字,大境界,已经过千年历史浮沉,至今依然字字珠玑,句句真言。

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